The most dangerous chemical accidents in China are

2022-09-30
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Hazardous chemical accidents in China are on the rise

hazardous chemical accidents in China are on the rise

200 plastic bags are easy to use and cheap. April 5, 2005

high transmission accuracy "we are cooperating with relevant departments to actively take measures to strengthen the management of hazardous chemicals." A relevant person from the Department of hazardous chemical safety supervision of the State Administration of work safety said

according to statistics, in recent years, China's hazardous chemical accidents have shown an obvious upward trend. In 2000, 514 accidents occurred, with 785 deaths, and in 2003, it rose to 621, with 960 deaths. In April last year, 13 serious dangerous chemical leakage and explosion accidents occurred in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Beijing and other places, causing 23 deaths, more than 300 injuries or poisoning, evacuating more than 150000 people, causing heavy losses to people's lives and property, while polluting the environment and causing serious social impact

Lu Xu, the second division of the Department of hazardous chemicals under the State Administration of work safety, said that accidents in the production, transportation and storage of hazardous chemicals have occurred from time to time in China in recent years, which is closely related to the overall level of social development and productivity in China. He said that although the output of some major chemical products in China has ranked first in the world, due to the low level of productivity of China's chemical enterprises, the weak safety foundation of some chemical enterprises, and the uneven development between regions and enterprises, it still needs long-term efforts to reach the level of advanced industrialized countries and realize the fundamental improvement of national production safety and occupational health. For example, for the transportation of dangerous chemicals, some places use transportation means worth 100000 yuan, while others use transportation means worth 1million yuan. The safety of the latter is much higher than the former

According to Lu Xu's analysis, there are five main reasons for the frequent occurrence of hazardous chemical safety production accidents in China: first, some employees lack safety awareness; Second, employees of enterprises with different ownership have different safety production intentions; Third, safety production laws and regulations need to be further improved; Fourth, China's safety technology has just started, and there is no concentration of industry forces to make major breakthroughs in related production technologies; Fifth, the safety investment is not enough, the industry safety risk mortgage system has not been implemented, and the related work has just started

Lu Xu also said that to strengthen the safety production of dangerous chemicals, we should also strengthen the overall planning and coordination of relevant departments. According to the regulations on the safety management of hazardous chemicals, a total of 10 departments in China are responsible for the safety supervision of hazardous chemicals, each with its own division of labor. The transportation of hazardous chemicals is undertaken by the transportation department, and the production of hazardous chemicals involves public security departments. However, there are inconsistencies in the rules and regulations of various departments related to work safety, which need to be coordinated and connected, so as to improve the efficiency of safety supervision

Lu Xu introduced that the regulations on the safety management of hazardous chemicals may have rust, corrosion and other phenomena, and there are also unclear provisions, resulting in regulatory loopholes in the safe production of hazardous chemicals. For example, the law stipulates that the use of hazardous chemicals must be licensed, but it is not clear which department approves the license. According to the administrative licensing law, the revenue of relevant regulatory companies in 2016 was $6.5 billion, and the regulatory department formed a de facto regulatory difficulty without the explicit authorization of the State Council

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